CAN has started restoration forest activities in Kalimantan since 2019 and is still continuing to this day. In the last 3 years we believe that restoration with the concept of agroforestry is the answer to food problems and wildlife conflicts so that conservation can be realized in a sustainable manner. Basically, agroforestry activities in Kalimantan consist of three main components: forestry, agriculture and animal husbandry. 1.Agrisilviculture: Combination of forestry components or activities (trees, shrubs, palms, bamboo, etc.) with agricultural components. 2.Agropastura : Combination of agricultural components or activities with livestock components 3.Silvopastura : Combination of forestry and livestock components or activities 4. Agrosilvopastura : Combination of agricultural components or activities with forestry and animal husbandry.
CAN has developed a strategic plan concept, namely long-term, medium and short-term plans where all of these activities have economic value that can have a direct impact on the community. CAN's short-term solution will be to encourage and build sustainable agricultural activities that can support community food sources, such as rebuilding rice field irrigation and improving soil nutrients with compost so that the value of agricultural production can increase and the expansion of new land clearing can decrease along with the productivity of existing agricultural land. increase. So that people have short-term economic and food resources to survive without destroying the forest. After that, it is continued by encouraging the community to plant fast grower or medium-term plants, the goal is to become a protective tree for the main plant or primary tree planting, but CAN together with community groups use fast grower plants that have a medium-term harvest economic value (1- 3 years of harvest). Thus, the community will have a monthly income that can support their economic needs when the harvest period has arrived where the fruit planted is fruit that sells in the market. The next stage is to build a forest area that can repair the ecosystem that has been damaged but still has economic value in the plant. To ensure the sustainability of the strategic plan, CAN together with the community restore forests with fruit plant species that have high carbon uptake in primary trees and in the future can rebuild forest cover (7-10 years) so that water absorption areas can be maintained and restore forest ecosystems in the area. Samalantan but the forest can still produce annual fruit that can provide economic value. With the 3 concepts above, CAN believes and believes that forest restoration can support food security and improve the economy of communities around degraded forests.
Deforestation also inpact to the wildlife habitat and ecosystem, because that our restoration is expected to be able to provide greater space for animal habitats and become a corridor connecting other protected forests so that conflicts between wildlife and humans in the future can be reduced. Our planting area is also a karst rock area, therefore the destruction of the forest area on the surface of the karst mountain has reduced the water catchment area resulting in reduced water discharge in the river.
After planting, the next 3 months is monitoring the development of stage 1 plants, the goal is to ensure the level of live and dead seeds then replanting is carried out if mortality is above 20%. Phase 2 monitoring is carried out for the next 6 months to determine the success rate of replanting. Phase 3 monitoring is carried out 1 year after planting to clean the seedlings from disease attacks, roots or weeds that cover the plants and re-clean the planting paths. Phase 4 monitoring is carried out 2 years after planting using drone photo analysis methods to determine the rate of tree growth in general and analyze threats that will occur, especially fires.
We also work with the government to build a good and sustainable system and cooperation. We build commitments and cooperation agreements for up to 25 years to create forests with communities that are properly protected. Together with the community we also have a forest ranger who is in charge of protecting the forest and protecting the restoration area
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